Pediatric Hematology Diseases Board Review Questions | CME Quick Quiz

Gerard Kiernan, MD, FAAFP, FHMEmergency Medicine, Family Medicine, Nurse Practitioner, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Medicine, Question of the Week, Urgent Care

pediatric hematology diseases quiz

Pediatric Hematology Diseases

Board Review Questions of the Week
Pediatric hematology diseases include a wide range of conditions that affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, as well as blood proteins related to bleeding and clotting disorders. Some of these conditions are inherited and passed down from parents who carry the abnormal (mutated) gene. Others are acquired. The unique nature of care of children or teens with blood diseases and cancer is learned from advanced training and experience in practice.Test your knowledge of Pediatric Hematology Diseases with this quick quiz question, courtesy of Med-Challenger online medical education.

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Pediatric Hematology Diseases Sample Case:

A 7-year-old boy presents to you for evaluation of abdominal pain and rash that have been present for the past 2 days (see Figure 1).

Figure 1.

His past medical history is significant only for an upper respiratory infection the previous week.

On physical examination, his vital signs are stable, but his abdomen is moderately tender, and his stool is guaiac positive.

There are several palpable, purpuric lesions over his ankles (see Figure 2).

Figure 2.

In addition, he has swelling and small effusions of both knees.

His hemoglobin level and platelet count are both normal, and urinalysis shows no blood or protein.

The most likely diagnosis is?

Answer Options:

Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP)

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)

Acute rheumatic fever

Kawasaki disease

See the answer...

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